El Nino-southern oscillation (ENSO) wind changes is too weak as expressed by its sea-level response in the western Pacific.

The Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is an integral part of the global thermohaline circulation and climate system (see Gordon, 2001; Sprintall et al., 2001 for recent overviews), providing a low-latitude pathway for the transfer of warm, low-salinity Pacific waters into the Indian Ocean. The solid arrows represent north Pacific thermocline water; the dashed arrows are southContinue reading “El Nino-southern oscillation (ENSO) wind changes is too weak as expressed by its sea-level response in the western Pacific.”