Disasters destroy lives and livelihoods around the world. Between 2000 and 2012, 1.7 million people died in disasters and an estimated US$ 1.7 trillion of damage was sustained. Disaster risk reduction activities aim to reduce the human, economic and environmental costs of such disasters and science can play an essential role in these efforts, uncovering new ways to prevent,
prepare for and respond to disasters and determining which technologies are most effective in reducing disaster risk. As a result of scientific research, across the world there are now programmes to forecast floods, detect tsunami waves, prevent infectious disease outbreaks with vaccination and effectively communicate disaster risk to enhance community resilience. Thus science is already helping to save lives and livelihoods in some instances. But what do we mean by ‘science’? Science is knowledge obtained through study or practice. For disaster risk reduction, science is considered in its widest sense to include the natural, environmental, social, economic, health and engineering sciences, and scientific capacities are interpreted broadly to include all relevant resources and skills of a scientific and technical nature. The Flood early warning case study has been published in the UNISDR Scientific and Technical Advisory Group report ‘UsingScience in Disaster Risk Reduction’ in pages 18-19.
The report can be access at this site…..